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|Otmane El Rhazi has developed a strong experience in real estate law: leases, condominium, construction, sale and expropriation. He is involved in litigation and Council, on behalf of SMEs and SMIs, of signs and institutional groups, legal and operational directions. El Rhazi works with his partners in their Council and Law firm in Paris 2nd.
As an expert Otmane El Rhazi works in the protection of restructuring and mergers and acquisitions operations, in the treatment and the takeover of firms in difficulty, the tax fraud, flights and legal destruction, disputes of shareholders, as well as in the Council to the liberal professionals. He occurs to deal also with expropriation and pre-emption, as well as in the context of the conclusion of contracts to real estate object combining a public person.
In their association, Otmane El Rhazi directs the International of Cabinet Affairs and accompanied daily by French companies in their activities abroad and foreign companies operating in France. On the other hand, his partners were responsible for the tax side, represents the accused on the criminal tribunal if necessary.
A Special Message
Federal government offices in the National Capital Region will be closed on Friday, January 20, during the 58th Presidential Inauguration. Filed under: General
Re-Evaluating Category 3 Source Protection and Accountability
Duncan White Senior Health Physicist Back in July, we talked about the Government Accountability Office’s investigation in which the GAO created a fake company that was successful in one out of three tries at getting a license for radioactive material. Once they received the license and placed an order, GAO then altered the license to […]
A Special Message
Filed under: General
On the Road to Small Reactor Design Reviews
Scott Burnell Public Affairs Officer As the NRC starts looking over NuScale’s application to certify the company’s first-of-its-kind “small modular reactor” design, it’s worth looking back at how we got here. It’s also useful to look at the steps we’ll follow going forward in our technical review. NuScale’s application is the first to propose a […]
Update on Quality Assurance Issues in France
David McIntyre Public Affairs Officer Today, the NRC is releasing information about large reactor components supplied to U.S. nuclear plants by AREVA’s Creusot Forge in France. This information includes the names of the plants and the reactor components involved. This blog post discusses the information as well as the NRC’s actions related to ongoing French […]
The final countdown
This is the last full trading week of the year and in many ways, the most anticipated, given that the US FOMC is widely expected to increase interest rates for the first time since June 2006. It’s not a done deal, with markets pricing in around a 75% probability of a move. There are no major hurdles on the data front likely to impact that between now and Wednesday evening and the focus will fall more onto the message from the accompanying statement. That could have more influence on the way FX
The competition list for 2016
It was another busy year for antitrust news. Here’s my look back at the top ten FTC-related antitrust developments for the year that was 2016 (in chronological order):
- The FTC’s first “no-AG commitment” case, alleging that Endo Pharmaceuticals paid first-filers Impax Laboratories and Watson Laboratories to delay entry of a generic formulation with a promise not to launch authorized generic versions of Endo’s Opana ER and Lidoderm. In related news, our latest review of agreements between brand-name and generic manufacturers shows that the number of potentially unlawful reverse-payment settlements is on the decline, as is the number of agreements with no-AG commitments. (March)
- In an exclusive dealing case against a first-to-market firm that relied on long-term exclusive contracts to exclude rivals from sales opportunities, the FTC charged Invibio, the maker of implant-grade polyetheretherketone (PEEK), with using an all-or-nothing strategy to obtain exclusive contracts with the world’s largest medical device companies. This tactic maintained its monopoly and prevented new entrants from developing into fully effective competitors. Coupled with the Supreme Court’s denial of cert in McWane Inc. v. FTC and last year’s case against Cardinal Health, there is more clarity to the legal standards for unilateral conduct. (April)
- The district court opinion in FTC v. Staples, Inc., which blocked the merger and rejected arguments that Amazon Business and a patchwork of local and regional office supply companies would restore competition lost if Staples acquired Office Depot. (May)
- Superior Plus Corp. and Canexus Corp. abandon plans after the Commission voted to challenge their proposed merger, charging that it would likely lead to anticompetitive reductions in output and higher prices for sodium chlorate, as well as raise the risk of coordination in an already vulnerable market. (June)
- In the FTC’s largest pharmaceutical divestiture order to date, Teva Pharmaceuticals agreed to sell the rights and assets associated with 79 generic drugs to resolve charges that its $40 billion acquisition Allergan would eliminate important current and future competition for a wide range of pharmaceutical products. (July)
- The FTC charged 1-800 Contacts with orchestrating a collection of anticompetitive agreements with rival online contact lens sellers to suppress competition in online search advertising auctions and to restrict truthful and non-misleading internet advertising to consumers. This matter is proceeding before an administrative law judge. (August)
- In the first invitation to collude case involving a distributor with both a vertical and horizontal relationship to the invitee, the FTC charged Fortiline with illegally soliciting a firm that both supplied it with product and competed with it in distributing the company’s products. Fortiline settled the FTC’s charges by agreeing not to enter or invite any agreement with competitors to raise or fix prices, divide markets, or allocate customers. (August)
- A new HSR form and option to file by DVD, the latest reform to ease the process of premerger notification. (August)
- The Third Circuit’s opinion in FTC v. Penn State Hershey Medical Center/PinnacleHealth System, which blocked the merger and preserved competition for general acute care services sold to commercial insurers in the Harrisburg, Pennsylvania area. (September)
- The Seventh Circuit’s opinion in FTC v. Advocate/NorthShore, which reaffirmed the Commission’s approach to defining local geographic markets for hospital services and sent the matter back to the district court for further proceedings. (October)
FTC @ OECD
This week, Chairwoman Edith Ramirez and FTC International Affairs staff are participating in discussions on geographic market definition, trade-offs between merger prohibition and conditional clearance, independence of competition authorities, big data and other timely topics at meetings of the Competition Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The OECD consists of 35 member countries from around the world, including many of the world’s most advanced countries but also emerging countries. Its Competition Committee has the following main objectives:
- identifying best practices in competition policy and antitrust enforcement;
- promoting convergence among national antitrust policies; and
- enhancing cooperation among competition agencies.
The FTC and DOJ’s Antitrust Division represent the United States in the OECD’s Competition Committee, and its semi-annual meetings attract senior officials from competition agencies of member countries and observers who discuss their experiences on key antitrust enforcement and policy issues. For example, the Committee has recently held roundtables on procedural fairness, generic pharmaceuticals, competition issues related to standard setting organizations, and fidelity rebates. At meetings this week, members will continue a discussion on the FTC-initiated topic of competition issues related to disruptive innovation. This time members chose to focus on the land transportation sector. The meetings also include the annual Global Forum on Competition, which typically attracts competition representatives from over 90 jurisdictions.
The Competition Committee’s flagship output is its Recommendations to member governments, which set a high standard of international best practice in competition policy and enforcement. These include Recommendations in the areas of merger notification and review and anti-cartel enforcement. The FTC recently played a lead role in updating the OECD’s Recommendation on International Cooperation, which has been influential in encouraging increased cooperation among competition authorities from both member and non-member countries.
Through participation in the Committee’s peer reviews, members use their experience to suggest areas for possible improvement to their colleagues’ competition systems. For example, as a lead examiner during Brazil’s peer review, the FTC suggested merger reforms including the adoption of a pre-merger notification regime with clear notification thresholds and review timetables. Over time, many of these and other recommendations have been adopted by the recipients, largely due to the OECD’s credibility. At this week’s meetings, members will conduct a peer review of Ukraine’s competition regime, with Chairwoman Ramirez as the lead examiner on institutional and merger control issues.
Since 1962, U.S. participation through the FTC and DOJ in the OECD’s Competition Committee has helped promote international antitrust enforcement cooperation, convergence of competition policies that affect U.S. and global business and trade, and sound antitrust enforcement, benefitting U.S. and international consumers and companies. This work complements the FTC’s activities in the International Competition Network (ICN) and other international competition fora and in its direct engagement with its counterparts around the world.