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Aug 13th 2019 at 12:22 AM

SHOULD CONGRESS BE TRUSTED? WHAT HAVE WE LEARNT THROUGH HISTORY? Implications and Expected recent results for a Non-proactive Electorate " in the fight for Rights"

VOTING RIGHTS BATTLE BACKGROUND IN THE UNITED STATES: The debate on the directly to Vote dates long ago in 1789, a time when the United States Constitution was utilized. The "Slave Owning States" insisted how the right to vote should basically be granted to "white men" at the same time demanded the black slaves in households be counted and relied on inside the determination of congressional representation. Due to disagreements on voting rights, the Federal Government only retained authority to find out USA Citizenship while independent states took in the to certainly set standards on who could vote, when and just how the voting ended up being be conducted. At that time in history, most Southern States were known as as" Slave States" because of wide-spread acceptance of slave ownership. It's not surprising that most states for countless years granted the authority to vote and then "white men" and infrequently setting additional limitations according to property ownership for someone to exercise that right.

It's not surprising that this 1790 Naturalization Act recognized only "free white males" since the only people be subject to naturalized inside the United States. Native Americans were excluded from citizenship and also the directly to vote in the United States. The law presumed "Native Americans were citizens of their sovereign "Indian Nations" and therefore could not be citizens in the United States. The women and slaves were the only nonvoters for legal reasons on the time. At the end with the Mexican-American Revolution beneath the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the Mexicans who had remained inside newly conquered territories were to get USA citizens for legal reasons. Although legally acknowledged as citizens, the 1850 Union of states i.e. Texas and California led towards the enactment of laws targeted at denying Mexicans in conquered territories the authority to vote.

The 1861-1865 Civil War led on the death of 360,000 Union antislave supporters "blacks and whites" Thus leading to the end of legalized slavery. The legal death of slavery was enacted in 1863 proclamation and 13th Constitution Amendment of 1865 by the Federal Government. Though the determination of voting rights still lay within reach of independent states. In 1867 the 14th amendment extended citizenship to any or all black men for your first time in History although women coming from all races remained as denied citizenship.

The right to prefer black men was theoretically legalized in 1867 over the 15th Amendment although virtually all Southern States still had very unfavorable voting laws against black men and practically none in support for women's right to vote.

The Republicans and Democratic Party compromises in politics manifesting itself today are deeply rooted in undisclosed agreements between elected leaders with the two political parties purposed for personal benefits for the cost with the minorities or underrepresented. In the 1876 disputed presidential elections between Hayes, a Republican candidate and Tilden a Democratic candidate led to a congressional compromise, later called "Compromise of 1877". In the undisputed facts, the Republicans consented to support the White House while white racists " with the time mostly democrats" gained political support to oppress and persecute non-whites through very unjust laws adopted during that time.

States completely disregarded of the 15th Amendment, a factor that led to, many working blacks in the time getting expelled from office jobs on account of exercising their voting right, many were evicted from your home and crippling laws enacted to deter blacks or any other races from voting. These Laws included, the literacy test laws deterring anyone that couldn't read or write from voting, the grandfather clause limiting voting to simply individuals with grandfathers with eligibility to vote, poll tax laws that limited voting to simply individuals who meet the expense of to pay that tax "the rich" and also the separation Laws under "Jim Crow".

Asians in the 1870 Naturalization Amendment Act were specifically denied citizenship. Citizenship was tied to white people and individuals of African descent. All women, Asian, Chinese, Mexican and Native - Americans were denied citizenship and also the to vote in almost all Southern States. Between 1890 - 1920, several states granted women the legal right to vote as well as the consequent adoption from the 19th Amendment generated recognitions of an female's right vote in the United States.

WHY REVIEW HISTORY: I believe life may be the best teacher for anyone happy to learn. The need to suppress the minority to the selfish desires of the majority "RICH" has persistently manifested itself in USA politics.

On December 4th, 2012 Congress still did not pass the UN Treaty for the Rights of People with Disability. 61 Democrats voted for the agreement (Treaty) while 38 Republicans voted contrary to the agreement thus ratification on a two-third majority failed. Senators who voted against, mostly Republicans alleged we were holding fighting for the sovereignty of the United States against UN control or broadening of the legal principles. For any person with legal knowledge inside supremacy of laws within the United States, You know that International Laws tend not to automatically become law inside United States always. There exceptions to the general rule in most principles in Law.

Also, the fact that the United States adopted the "Americans with Disabilities Act as amended" of 1990, a law that's substantially the same because rejected UN Disability Agreement baffles my mind currently. In addition, the USA enacted laws simply those with disabilities include, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Fair Housing Act, the Telecommunications Act of 1996, the Air Carrier Access Act of 1986, the Voting Accessibility for that Elderly and Handicapped Act of 1984, the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act and also the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968.

It's not surprising that old tricks used by Congress to sustain selfish interests of "the funders" at the cost of developing the best decision with the expense of the minority "people who have disabilities" continues to be at play to date.

Also the applicability and availability inside International Law of principles like "the Non-self-executing treaties" can even make it inconceivable that no congressional representative highlighted the above-mentioned principle meant for or against ratification. The Senators contrary to the treaty would not even elaborate or identify specific grounds for voting against ratification. All focus was for the presumptive results from ratification the UN treaty would attain supremacy from the USA enacted law. To me, explanations made available from congress against ratifying the treaty were all "just a large cry for additional power" against UN governance.

All Lawyers realize that ratifying countries in international law have a very right to deliver on the United Nations committee declarations or reservations held against adopted treaties. This can range from, declaring that the ratified treaty won't become self-executing in adopting state automatically to modifying specific provisions of the treaty in regards to declaring country. The legal implications would include, amendment of these treaty by the declaring state as to identified provision or reservation, and limited application of the said treaty against another country. Usually, in the United States, the application of your non-self-executing treaty would require additional consent from congress prior to the court would apply treaty provisions problem. The United States has used similar declarations before i.e. in the ratification in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

The public must rise against senators who violate public trust with the expense of self-imposed conditions or pledges towards the "RICH FUNDERS " a huge price to the underrepresented "individuals with disabilities". Not only does the USA have a reputation to protect inside the International community, but rejection of the UN Agreement also undermines our role as part of the five permanent members inside United Nations.

Congress's breach of trust for United States citizens is undeniable specially in light of yet again failed to pass the Aid Relief Package for Sandy victims. The Electorate should have a pro-active role in demanding answers. The elected representative seems clueless regarding the needs in the people they represented. I think representatives seeking election to congress should be subjected to your test called "a humanistic co relational experience and experience people not as part of your social circles". The test must entail real-life experience and exposure. From recent experience, it appears similar to most Republicans haven't lost homes, never gone hungry or been helpless and based on government for support at all of their lives.

The representative should be made in charge of their actions when it's in congress. The electorate must join hands to avoid congress madness and disregard of people's basic needs.

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