Singer 160 And secondly, in the state of the art, no machine has been built which is able to reproduce, grow or regenerate some of its constituents, as do very ordinarily living beings. In short, what the ancients used to call "generation" is a set of phenomena that remain unknown to the machines. Yet despite this evidence easily observable, many approaches in modern biology tend to implicitly assume that living beings are like machines. In this discipline, there is indeed no definition of being alive that makes the current consensus among researchers, and indeed this is the default and lack of a better metaphor that continues to be employed.
In everyday language the word machine can be a very talented designer in a particular field (example: "Tony is a machine in Organic Chemistry")
The industry is all human-oriented mass production of goods; it implies:
a certain division of labor, unlike the craft where the same person theoretically ensures all processes: design, manufacture, marketing and management:
a notion of scale, it is called "industrial quantities" when the number of identical parts reached a certain figure.
Historically, the term was first appointed the ability to do something, then all forms of productive activity, not just those producing material goods. This latter sense has aged, but it still dominates in English.