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Family Survival Course
Environmental degradation and increasing poverty
'Development' is designed to bring prosperity and abundance to all people in the Third World. For some regions and some people, the promise is indeed fulfilled, but mostly it is the development environment is deteriorated and the increased poverty. Where was the development in the fog?
To begin the focused exclusively on the kind of progress as we find in Western industrialized economies, assuming that progress in Western style for everyone possible. Development, which was originally a higher level of welfare for all was meant, was now equated with Westernization of the economy - of human needs, productivity and growth.Family Survival Course The ideas of this type of economic development and the use of certain natural resources have emerged in the specific context of industrialization and capitalist growth in the center of the colonial world. But they are elevated to universal truths, which could be successfully applied in the completely different context of the satisfaction of basic needs of the population of the former colonies - recently the independent Third World countries. However, as Rosa Luxemburg emphasized 2, the early industrial development in Western Europe made a permanent occupation of the colonies and the destruction of the local 'natural economy' by the powers necessary.
According Luxembourg colonialism permanent and necessary condition for capitalist growth. Without colonies, the capital accumulation grinding crash. 'Development' focuses on capital accumulation and promoting a market economy, to create profits, imports not only a special kind of economy but also creates poverty and deprivation. Mimicking the Western economic development, based on strengthening the market economy and commercial exploitation of resources in the newly independent countries, created internal colonies and let the colonial relations survival. Development continued colonialism continue. Thus expanded the influence of modern Western model for prosperity will, in which men predominate.
Furthermore focused economic development solely on financial indicators such as the Gross National Product (GNP). These indicators can the environmental destruction and the growing poverty caused by the development does not show. Measuring economic growth with GDP brings with it the problem that some costs under 'revenue' booked (eg cost of reducing pollution), and other expenses partially overlooked. In the calculation of GNP bears the felling of a natural forest to economic growth, while still impoverished ecosystems that they are no longer able to produce biomass or water, causing forest and farming communities in turn impoverish.
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