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Effective Ways to Improve Your Soil

Feb 2nd 2020 at 9:15 PM

To become a good gardener is not an easy task. You should be ready to spend hours taking care of your plants. The successful yield depends on several factors. The main of them are the following:

● The right choice of crops. It’s not a good idea to grow melon in Alaska. It’s also impossible to get a good cabbage harvest if all your patch is under the sun 8 hours per day. This plant requires at least partial shade;

● Proper weather conditions. Neither heavy rains nor burning sun is good for fruit and vegetables. The same is true about various natural disasters that are able to wipe out all the gains made. You have to make it a habit to check weather forecasts regularly;

● Professional instruments. Whether you like or nor, but you can’t become a successful gardener without high-quality tools. They are able to reduce the time you need to spend on gardening. Moreover, with the help of professional equipment, you can cope even with the most difficult work effortless;

● Effective time-management. It sounds weird but it’s true. It’s of primary importance to start planting seeds or seedlings on time. You may consider the planting calendar that you can find in farmer’s almanac. The same is true about the sowing and harvesting period.

Yet, even if you consider all the above-mentioned factors, you still may get poor yield. It may happen because of poor-quality soil. It’s the first thing you should pay attention to when starting a garden.

Types of soil: which is the best one for gardening

There are 4 main soil types. Loam soil features high calcium and pH levels. It has a gritty texture. This type has perfect draining characteristics. It’s able to provide plants with necessary moisture, nutrients, and air. Sandy soil can’t hold nutrients. That’s why it’s good not for every plant. If you are looking for a soil with high fertility, you should pay attention to a silt variant. Yet, this type is good only for those plants that love water. The thing is the silt becomes waterlogged easily. Clay soil doesn’t drain well while it contains plenty of heavy clay.

In nature, however, it’s very difficult to find a pure sandy, loam, clay or silty type. The patches are the mixtures of different components. You have to consider it when choosing proper spots. One of the most appropriate combinations is the loam and sandy mixture. It’s good for both flowers and vegetables. Yet, to achieve the best results, you still have to improve the soil.

What to do: things you should do to improve soil

The first thing you should as soon as you start gardening is to get rid of weeds. The pesky plants spoil not only the outlook of your garden. They can be harmful to your vegetables, fruit, and berries. There are 3 main ways to cope with weeds. The most difficult and time-consuming one is to pull out weeds by hand. The next way is to apply chemicals. This method has one significant drawback. Chemicals kill not only the weeds but also other plants. You risk staying without crops at all.

The third way is to install a weed control fabric. It’s the easiest way to solve the problem. Nowadays it’s possible to find durable materials with a long lifespan. A high-quality weed control fabric prevents weeding without affecting the edibles or flowers.

To improve the structure of the soil, you have to consider its type. To better sandy variant, you have to add well-rotted manure or finished compost. It’s a cool idea to mulch around plants with leaves. The cover crop is able to improve the structure too.

If your patch is clay, you have to add organic matter at least once a year. It’s forbidden to step on the growing area. Your main task is to improve drainage. The main problem of silty type is surface crusting. To avoid it, you can construct raised beds and concentrate on the top layers.

Sometimes the problem is too high or too low pH level. There are many natural elements that are able to raise pH. The most popular variants are wood ash and limestone. To lower the pH level, you have to add ground sulfur. Such variants as conifer needles, peat moss, and sawdust also work well. It should be noticed that vegetables do not like too much compost. You can add fertilizing materials. It’s important not to damage the topsoil layer and root systems.

To conclude, it’s worth mentioning that improving your soil Is a profitable task. The yield depends on the efforts you are ready to make.

 

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