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Uterine Fibroid Treatment Information

May 27th 2012 at 11:36 PM

Your doctor has told you that you have a fibroid in the uterus. There are several ways to treat fibroids. One way is called uterine artery embolization. If you and your doctor have decided that this may be appropriate treatment for you this brochure will help explain the procedure.

uterine fibroid treatment

First, what are fibroids?

Uterine Fibroid Treatments are benign growths are not cancer-in the muscular wall of the uterus. These growths can be very tiny or as large as a cantaloupe.

Do fibroids cause problems?

Many women with fibroids have no symptoms. In other women, fibroids can cause heavy bleeding during menstruation. Periods can last much longer than normal. Fibroids may also cause pain or a sensation of pressure or heaviness in the lower pelvic area (the area between the hip bones), back or legs. Some women have pain during sex. Others have a constant feeling of needing to urinate. It can also be a feeling of pressure in the intestine. Some women have constipation or bloating

How common are fibroids?

Fibroids are common. Between 20 and 40% of women over 35 have fibroids. Black women have a higher risk for fibroids

How are fibroids?

There are many treatments for women with fibroids. Medications can cause fibroids to shrink. Some women need surgery. A new way to treat women with fibroids is uterine artery embolization.

How does the uterine artery embolization?

Fibroids have a large blood supply that allows them to grow. Fibroids will shrink or disappear completely if the blood supply. Embolization means to stop or block the blood supply. Then, uterine fibroid embolization is a way to stop the blood flow that makes fibroids grow. The procedure works even if you have several fibroid

How does the uterine artery embolization?

The uterine artery embolization is not surgery but it is in the hospital. You will be given medication to relax and sleepy. The procedure is painless. The doctor-an interventional radiologist who is specially trained to do this procedure will make a small incision in the skin in the groin area. Next, the doctor will pass a tiny tube called a catheter through an artery to the uterus. When the catheter is in place the doctor will inject tiny particles into the catheter. These particles made of plastic or gelatin sponge, are the size of sand grains. The particles move through the catheter into the arteries that send blood to the fibroid. The particles will stop the flow of blood to the fibroid. Over time, the fibroid shrinks

How successful is uterine artery embolization?

About 85% of women feel a relief or complete relief of pain and other symptoms caused by fibroids

What are the advantages of a uterine artery embolization?

There are several advantages. Generally, you only have to stay in the hospital overnight after the procedure. You can return to normal activities about a week after the procedure. This is a much shorter time compared to six to eight weeks after surgery. No significant loss of blood. Do not make a large incision. You do not need general anesthesia.

Are there side effects of uterine artery embolization?

The uterine artery embolization is safe but there are some side effects. Most women have moderate to severe cramping during the first hours after the procedure. Some women have nausea and fever. Medications can help with these symptoms. A few women get an infection after the procedure. Antibiotics can control the infection. About 1% of women have an injury to the uterus from the procedure. This may necessitate a hysterectomy. A few women have entered menopause after the procedure of uterine artery embolization. Studies of getting pregnant after having this procedure are not complete.

How do I know if this procedure is right for me?

You, your family doctor, your gynecologist and interventional radiologist will decide if uterine artery embolization is appropriate for you. Most insurance companies will pay for this procedure. You may want to talk to your insurance company and with their doctors before undergoing the procedure.

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