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Types and Treatments of Schizophrenia

Apr 26th 2020 at 8:31 AM


A chronic mental disorder, schizophrenia affects the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of a person. Its symptoms include distorted thoughts, hallucinations, and feelings of fright and paranoia. Affecting more than 20 million people worldwide, schizophrenia can often be a lifelong struggle. From paranoid to cenesthopathic, there are different types of schizophrenia as discussed below –

1) Paranoid Schizophrenia

The most common form of schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia can develop in old age and may impact the ability to interpret the reality. Its symptoms include hallucinations and/or delusions. Although paranoid schizophrenia affects the mental ability of the individuals, it certainly doesn’t have any impact on their speech and emotions.

2) Hebephrenic schizophrenia

Often referred to as disorganized schizophrenia, hebephrenic schizophrenia affects the emotions and speech of the individuals and is usually developed among the people aged 15-25 years old. In this schizophrenia, people may have disorganized speech and others may not be able to properly understand you. Its symptoms include disorganized behaviors and thoughts, alongside short-lasting delusions and hallucinations.

3) Catatonic schizophrenia

One of the rarest types of schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia is generally characterized by unusual, limited and sudden movements. In this schizophrenia, individuals aren’t able to talk much, and you may even mimic other’s speech and movement. Not just that, you often switch between personality, being active at a time and still at others.

4) Residual schizophrenia

The residual schizophrenia is generally diagnosed among those individuals who have a history of psychosis. In this schizophrenia, patients experience negative symptoms such as slow movement, poor memory, lack of concentration, poor hygiene, etc.

5) Simple schizophrenia

In simple schizophrenia, the negative symptoms are commonly seen quite early and worsen with time. The positive symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, etc. are quite rarely diagnosed among people with simple schizophrenia.

6) Undifferentiated schizophrenia

People suffering from undifferentiated schizophrenia commonly show the symptoms of paranoid, hebephrenic or catatonic schizophrenia. However, undifferentiated schizophrenia can’t be categorized into any of these types alone.

7) Cenesthopathic schizophrenia

Another rarely diagnosed schizophrenia, cenesthopathic schizophrenia common symptom is unusual bodily sensations.

Now that you know about different types of schizophrenia, it’s time to discuss about the treatments available for schizophrenia.

1) Psychotherapy

One of the most common treatments, psychotherapy helps patients effectively deal with their emotions, thoughts, and behavior. Individual psychotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and cognitive enhancement therapy are a few psychotherapies that doctors recommend treating different types of schizophrenia.

2) Psychosocial Therapy

Once an individual shows positive signs during psychotherapy sessions, they need more help to learn to become a part of a community. With psychosocial therapies like social skills training, rehabilitation, family education, self-help groups, coordinated specialty care, assertive community treatment, and social recovery therapy, individuals can get great help in overcoming their schizophrenia disorder.

3) Second Generation Antipsychotic Drugs

There are different types of second-generation antipsychotic drugs that can help individuals in treating their schizophrenia. A few of the drugs that are available globally include Aripiprazole, Asenapine, Cariprazine, Iloperidone, Lurasidone, etc.

4) First Generation Antipsychotic Drugs

Referred to as typical or conventional drugs, the first-generation antipsychotic drugs are widely prescribed by doctors to treat multiple schizophrenia types. Drugs in this group include Chlorpromazine, Fluphenazine, Loxapine, Pimozide, and many others.

Through these treatments, patients can easily recover from schizophrenia. However, if you want to be the first to get the hold of new medication before they hit the market, taking part in clinical trials is one of the best ways of doing it. A clinical trial is a practice conducted by medical researchers and doctors to identify new and better ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, control, and treat mental illnesses. By participating in these trials, individuals get valuable access to health screenings, potentially new medications, and support services at a time when many people struggle to get healthcare. What’ more interesting? If you are part of CITrials’ clinical trials –

Ø You require no insurance

Ø 100% confidentiality guaranteed; and

Ø Compensation for time and travel

So be a part of CITrials' clinical trials and be the first to benefit from a new method under study.


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