Methods of Diagnosis and Prenatal
Methods of Diagnosis and Prenatal screening for Down's syndrome
Eyes have a lateral tilt up and epicanthic folds (a fold in the upper eyelid which is moved to the inner corner), similar to oriental.
Eyelids narrow and slightly oblique
Eyes of patients with Down syndrome
Ears small and low set, the top edge of the ear (helix) is often bent. The ear structure is occasionally changed. The ear canals are narrow.
Mouth is small. Some children keep the mouth open and the tongue may protrude slightly.
As a child with Down syndrome gets older, the language can get stretch marks. In winter, the lips become chapped. The roof of the mouth (palate) is narrower than the "normal" child.
The eruption of milk teeth is usually delayed. Sometimes one or more teeth are missing and some teeth may have a slightly different format.
Small jaw, which leads often overlapping teeth Tooth decay is observed with lower compared with "normal" children.
Neck looks large and thick neck with redundant skin in baby, loose folds of skin are observed, often on both sides of the back of the neck, which become less evident and may disappear as the child grows.
Abdomen usually salient and adipose tissue is abundant. Chest weirdly, and the child may have a bone breastplate sunk (tapered thorax) or the bone can be designed pectoral (chest dove). In the child whose heart is increased due to congenital heart disease, breast can appear more distended side of the heart. As a result of cardiac abnormalities and a low resistance to infection, the longevity of Mongoloids usually reduced.
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