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Yoga Questions and Answers: be clear
No, it's not true. Yoga, though born in India, do not belong to any particular nation or territory; just as it has no relation to certain castes or religions.
Of course, depending on the specific conditions required some adjustments - for example, generally speaking, the Indians muscle and softer plastic than Western people.
With these and other features and reasonably made program to practice yoga for the benefit of themselves and their health can all - Europeans, Africans, and the inhabitants of the Far North.
That ... for successful practice of yoga need to immerse themselves in its philosophy? That without it there is no progress?
Yoga - first of all, a practical method, although it is included in one of the six officially recognized Indian philosophical systems. People who want to do yoga, "health", it is not required to upload your brain philosophy."In our classes, - says Elena Ulmasbaeva,
director of the Moscow Center for Iyengar Yoga - we tried to relate the basic concepts of yoga philosophy and practice
. This is done to ensure that people attending our classes, understood that the laws that govern the body and the human psyche, his behavior and emotions,
and the laws that govern the world around us - united. That is, the basic concepts of yoga philosophy are given indirectly through practice. "
... That progress in yoga is needed austerity?
Of course not. This opinion is based on stereotyping of yoga adept as an emaciated, in a loincloth, overgrown beard hermit who sleeps on a bed of nails and do without food for years. But it's just an image, rastirazhirovanny film and fiction. Incidentally,
in the Christian tradition, there were many ascetics (those who "mortify the flesh"), but hardly anyone would maintain tight parallel between Christianity and asceticism.
Among Yogis ascetics certainly have - just as it does among all people. But in general, yoga and asceticism - are different things. In the Bhagavad Gita says: "If a person eats too much or too little, sleeps too much or too little, it is impossible to become
a yogi ... He who observes the eating, sleeping, recreation and work can alleviate their physical condition, doing yoga. " Ie, yoga, primarily calls for moderation, and not to any extremes.
... Yoga - is primarily breathing?
Generally speaking, our whole life - breath. Indeed, different types of pranayama (special technique breath control) may be called the foundation of yoga practice. As, however, as the performance of asanas (postures). Another issue is that in order to start practicing pranayama, it is necessary to strengthen the body and stabilize the mind through the practice of asanas.
If a person hunched back, chest, "closed", the area of the diaphragm is clamped, if a person can not relax, can not focus on an object, and so on - then pranayama practice will not allow development, and may even harm. "That is why - says Elena Ulmasbaeva - we begin to learn pranayama, at least after a year of regular exercise asanas."
And when you can move on to the next level of training? How to understand, let's say that you're ready to practice pranayama?
Moving from one level to another depends on the individual, age, health status, regular classes. Assess your condition and recommend to go to another class level can permanent teacher - it should just ask. If you absolutely can not wait to move into a more intensive class, you certainly can do it. But just keep going to the elementary school to turn out the base.
And could the believers to practice yoga? Do not contradict yoga religious beliefs?
This is similar to the question "Is it possible to play chess, not this contradict the religious beliefs?" - Because the tradition of yoga, as well as the tradition of the game of chess has its roots in Indian culture.
In India, yoga engaged people belonging to different religions, and this issue does not arise there. Yes, yoga practice is worth a certain school of thought, but it also does not contradict any religious beliefs - and another one related in the same as, for example, the Western school of philosophy relate to Christianity.
Surprisingly, the most commonly asked questions is such Christians, especially Orthodox. Apparently, confessors, prohibiting his flock to practice yoga, to respond to the word, which is often embedded meaning far, and sometimes the opposite of our practice. In particular, the word "yoga" is rejection because it is associated with all sorts of totalitarian sects - and this is completely untrue. Yoga - not a sect. And not a religion. This system of techniques that promote balanced development of the person, both physical and psycho-emotional.
People can practice yoga without making it any higher meaning: just do the body, breathing and concentration exercises, and treat it as a health practice as to harmonize the internal and external space. You can be a Jew, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, Christian or atheist - and, moreover, to do yoga, because she does not criticize any religion, nor encourages the banner of any of them.
Although we can say that true Christian way of life - it is yoga. Mahatma Gandhi, India's national hero, was a follower of yoga, but it was the Bible handbook. The principles of the well (the first stage of yoga, which we mentioned earlier) are very similar to the biblical commandment: nonviolence, truthfulness, non-stealing, chastity, nestyazhatelstvo. However, roughly the same sets of rules you will find in all religions of the world.
Is it true that yoga - it's still a mystical doctrine, and its main task - to develop supernatural powers?
In fact, yoga is nothing mystical. Perhaps this idea of it happened because for a long time it was a "closed" doctrine transmitted from teacher to student. In addition, a contribution made fakirizm (all the same lying on a bed of nails, and so on), and plus to that newfangled neoinduistskie currents, which, unfortunately, to associate with yoga. As for the development of certain abilities ...
Yes, yoga makes a person more flexible and strong - not only physically, but also mentally, develops concentration, the ability to see the priorities and cut off that prevents focus on the essentials.
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