Vishal Kaushik | HRG001

What Is Hantavirus? It’s Causes, Symptoms, Transmission, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatments

Mar 25th 2020 at 9:44 PM

What Is Hantavirus?

An infection caused by hantavirus is called “hantavirus disease”. Hantavirus or orthohantavirus is a family of virus mainly spread by rodents.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it causes different diseases or syndromes in people worldwide.

Hantaviruses are named differently in different parts of the world. In the US region, it is called “New World” hantavirus and may cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), also known as hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS).

While in Europe and Asia it is called “Old World” hantavirus and may cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).

In January 2019, nine people infected with hantavirus died in Patagonia. After this, tourists were also warned. According to the CDC, death rate of hantavirus is 38% and there is no specific treatment of this disease.

What Causes Hantavirus?

According to the CDC report, the virus is transmitted from rodents such as rats and squirrels.

A person may get infected if he or she comes in the contact of the feces, urine or saliva of rodents.

However, the virus generally does not pass from person to person. It may take one to eight weeks for the infection to be detected.

What Are The Symptoms Of Hantavirus Disease?

Early Symptoms

Early symptoms may include —

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Muscle aches (especially in the large muscle groups such as back, hips, thighs, and sometimes shoulders)

There may also be —

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Chills
  • Abdominal problems, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain

About half of all hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) patients experience these symptoms.

Later Symptoms

It may include —

  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath

If the condition of the infected person worsens, there may be difficulty in filling the lungs with water and breathing.

What Are The Prevention Of Hantavirus?

The prevention of hantavirus may include —

  • Minimize or eliminate the contact with rodents in your home, workplace, or campsite
  • Seal up holes and gaps in your home or garage
  • Place traps in and around your home to decrease rodent infestation
  • Clean up any easy—to—get food
  • Keep the grass short
  • Keep woodpiles away from the building
  • Use plastic or rubber gloves when cleaning up signs of rodents, handling dead rodents

NOTE — Recent study reveals that the individuals having illness with hantavirus developed the disease after having the frequent contact with rodents. On the other hand, many individuals who have illness reported that they hadn’t seen any rodent or rodent droppings at all.

How Is Hantavirus Diagnosed?

It is difficult to diagnose hantavirus if a person has only been infected a few days. The reason is that early symptoms such as fatigue, fever and muscle aches are easily confused with influenza.KNOW MORE>>>

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