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What is angina? What treatment should I follow?

May 23rd 2014 at 10:32 PM

Angina is chest pain, which may reflect the lower jaw or the upper end and is caused by insufficient blood flow to the heart muscle. Angina is mainly caused by coronary artery disease,

namely the obstruction of the coronary arteries that supply blood to nourish the heart. The arteries are blocked due to the development of atherosclerotic plaques. Other conditions that aggravate the pain of angina are those who require an increase in blood flow to the heart. Such is the exercise, large meals and anxiety.

There are some people who are more at risk of angina and coronary heart disease?

Risk factors for coronary heart disease is the male gender, smoking, high blood cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, presence, and other incidents of coronary heart disease in the family, personality, anxiety and obesity. I often have chest pains.
What should I do?

The pain due to angina described by patients as tightness or pressure in the chest. May radiate to the shoulder, the lower jaw and other areas. Usually worsens after exercise, heavy meals or stressful situations and then relieved by rest.

Any chest pain should be evaluated by a specialist cardiologist, since it requires rapid diagnosis and treatment.

The cardiologist can make the diagnosis of coronary artery disease based on how you describe the pain and tests,

such as electrocardiogram and stress test. These assessed the function of the heart and its ability to withstand fatigue.

I have long angina. What should I do if the chest pain does not go away?

Chest pain does not subside after 15 minutes and not relieved by medications given to you by your doctor may suggest myocardial infarction and requires immediate treatment in hospital. The attack occurs when atherosclerotic plaques, which impede the flow of blood through the coronary arteries to clog completely, causing the heart muscle is not perfused at all and shows irreversible damage.

What treatment should I follow if I suffer from angina?

Under the monitoring of heart specialists, angina treated first with lifestyle changes. Weight loss, smoking cessation, healthy eating and tackling other diseases that affect the condition, such as hypertension and diabetes, play a very important role. Furthermore, based drugs administered nitroglycerin dilate coronary arteries, while relieving from pain. In some cases, surgery is carried out to replace the stenosed coronary arteries, the familiar by pass.

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