A Start Over
Umbilical cord blood collection has become a new obstetrical trend. It generally offers expectant parents a biological insurance policy that can be used in the event of a child or any family member’s life-threatening illness and successfully puts them in a position of control. In recent years, umbilical cord blood collection has become a prominent thing, which contains a rich source of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells.
Why is Cord Blood Important?
Until few 5-10 back the umbilical cord were discarded after birth without any thoughts by the doctors. But this generation, researchers discovered and developed a thought that umbilical cord blood can eventually supply the same kind of blood-forming stem cells as a bone marrow donor. So doctors started collecting and storing the umbilical cord blood and since then the collections became important in this line.
Blood-forming Stem Cells
These are primitive cells that are capable of developing into the three types of mature blood cells found in the blood as red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Cord-blood stem cells also may have the potential to give rise to other cell types in the body. There occurs stem cell transplantation from a donor whose cells closely match their own.
How is cord blood collected?
There are two methods of collection in communal use. One is to hang a blood bag lower than the mother and let gravity draw blood down the tube into the bag. This method is used in most of the countries of the world because it is easy and has fewer steps with fewer opportunities for mistakes. It takes few minutes to save the stem cells in cord blood.
And the second method is done actively draw the blood out. The draw can be done with a standard syringe or with a bulb in the bag tubing that creates suction. Studies have shown that actively drawing the blood will collect a larger volume faster.
What makes Cord Blood Cells different?
Cord blood stem cells are biologically younger and are more flexible as compared to the adult stem cells. When they are stored, they have unique qualities and advantages:
• Less risk of complications when used in transplantation process
• These have the ability to use one’s own stem cells for conditions that currently lack medical treatment options
• They are available immediately and can minimize disease progressions in early treatment
• These protect the cells from aging and being exposed to environment factors