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One million infants die each year on the first day of life

May 19th 2014 at 10:14 PM

One million infants die each year on the first day of their lives, often because their mother has left to give birth alone and helpless in some of the poorest and most isolated regions of the world, according to a new study of large-scale global infant mortality , carried out by the charity Save the Children. 's report estimates that the "disgraceful and unacceptable" This account can be reduced by half by providing free primary health care and obstetrics

. Most infants die within the first 24 hours as a result of complications during childbirth including protracted births and infections, treated with the proviso that it be readily available for help. however, the NGO charity organization

Save the Children believes in a study that 40 million women do not receive assistance from trained personnel during childbirth . Two million women answered that the last time they gave birth was completely alone.

Justin Forsyth, executive director of the organization, described as "criminal" the statistics and said that the solutions are known. "The first day of a child's life are the most dangerous and too many women give birth alone on the floor of their home or in the bushes without some life-saving assistance for them.

' "Learning about horror stories from mothers who walk for hours having started the birthing process in order to find help from someone trained, very often with a tragic outcome, "he says. Moreover the one million deaths in the first 24 hours of life

, 1.2 million babies die during childbirth, the report finds. In 2012, 2.9 million deaths occurred during the first month of life the infant, which corresponds to two in five infant deaths. Notwithstanding the progress that has been made ​​at the international level so that infant mortality has halved in the last decade,

18,000 infants under five still die each year mostly from diseases that can be prevented. Reducing premature deaths of infants and fetal deaths during childbirth is considered important for meeting the Millennium Development for the UN Millennium 2015

. however, the time limits are exhausted and feared that no progress is being made ​​towards meeting the objectives. 's charity calls on politicians, members of charitable organizations and those working in the medical and pharmaceutical industries to agree on a "commitment to newborns' five points.

According to this plan, the government will undertake to address the problem of infant mortality and to ensure that every birth will participate and a trained nurse until 2025. 's Save the Children wants developing countries to increase health spending to the level set by the World Health Organization (WHO) of 48.5 euros per person and deduct the medical expenses for childbirth and newborn care.

Also invited pharmaceutical companies to manufacture new products and to provide the poorest families in the world. Experts point out that there are many simple techniques that could quickly reduce rates of newborn deaths. Corticosteroid injections can be administered to a woman in preterm labor and help develop the baby's lungs giving it a better chance of survival. Techniques such as the so-called "

kangaroo care" in which infants are kept warm having contact with his mother their skin to skin, when there is no incubator, they can keep them alive. Moreover, application of an antiseptic gel to where the umbilical cord is cut can dramatically reduce the risk of contamination of the area. As the report , entitled "

Giving Finally newborn deaths "among the factors that can lead to death on the first day of life an infant is preterm labor or birth elipovarous newborn. Mothers in this case receiving inadequate care and had poor nutrition during pregnancy.

The greatest risk during the first day of life experienced by the children in Sierra Leone by 19 to 1,000 newborns die during the first 24. After the civil war, only one in four mothers received medical care from trained personnel during childbirth.

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