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Learn to identify symptoms of atherosclerosis

Jul 8th 2014 at 7:38 PM

Shortness of breath. Fatigue. Tightness in the chest. Sweating. Caution: these are some of the symptoms of atherosclerosis , inflammatory disease that can appear suddenly in the individual.
It consists of a formation of fatty plaques

, calcium and other elements in the wall of the heart arteries and their branches diffuse or localized form. It is characterized by narrowing and hardening of the arteries due to the accumulation of fat in your walls, known as atheroma.

Among the factors that influence the onset of atherosclerosis, are excessive consumption of processed foods and alcoholic beverages and cigarettes , and the lack of physical activity and overweight.
Symptoms of Atherosclerosis
Chest tightness and sweating are among the symptoms of atherosclerosis. Photo: Shutterstock
These aspects modify LDL cholesterol (also known as the " bad cholesterol "), attacking the blood vessels leading to clogging of the arteries gradually.

Over the years, the vessel diameter decreases, reaching the complete obstruction, restricting blood flow in the region.

Thus, the heart receives a smaller amount of oxygen and nutrients, having compromised their functions.

This complication is the cause of various cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction, sudden death and stroke, known by the acronym stroke.
Causes and symptoms of atherosclerosis

Most often, atherosclerosis is also related to high blood pressure , diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking and obesity . Few cases are related to heredity.

There are some changes, such as familial hypercholesterolemia, in which individuals of the same family have high cholesterol since young, but are less frequent. In these situations, the medical monitoring is essential to detect the buildup of fatty plaques early.

Atherosclerosis is a dangerous disease because it often, its evolution is silent . Some people only discover the formation of fatty plaques when an artery is completely blocked and the patient needs immediate care.

Are the situations infarctions, strokes and even sudden death. But pay attention to the symptoms of atherosclerosis Frequent: chest pain (either weight, tightness , burning or stabbing pain), shortness of breath, sweating, palpitations, arrhythmias and fatigue.
Diagnosis and treatment

If there is no family history of disease and no known risk, it is recommended that the patient goes to the doctor to make periodic assessments of cholesterol as early as age 35.

Thus, it is possible to detect the disease early. Likewise, if symptoms of atherosclerosis aforementioned manifest, to turn to a specialist may be the best option.

As for individuals who have a history of cardiovascular disease in your family, the ideal is that monitoring even start the process of adolescence , so that you can prevent and control disease development.

The most common treatment in cases of atherosclerosis is the removal of fat deposits in order to heal the injuries that were established at the site.

The procedure can be by invasive methods , such as catheterization and angioplasty, as can be accomplished by the administration of drugs. Moreover, the adoption of healthy habits is also key to controlling the disease.

As with most cardiovascular diseases, the best way to prevent atherosclerosis is to maintain a routine that includes regular exercise

, balanced nutrition and low consumption of fats and salt. It is also important to have the control of risk factors for diseases such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cholesterol and prevent excessive consumption of alcohol and cigarettes.

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