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Health And Fitness
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know what is the total cholesterol and when he is healthy

Aug 19th 2014 at 4:36 AM

Cholesterol is a substance that is 70% to 80 %% produced by the organism itself and from 20% to 30% by feeding acquired. It is essential for the formation of cell membranes, vitamin D, bile acids and hormones in the body. However, at high levels, cholesterol can compromise heart health , especially due to atherosclerosis (fatty deposits or atheroma in the wall of the arteries), which may lead to a myocardial infarction.

Once absorbed or generated by the body, it binds to the fats (mainly triglycerides ), and proteins to form a structure called lipoprotein, which is the mode of transport of these substances in the bloodstream.

colesterol total
Foods high in fat weigh in the balance of total cholesterol. Photo: Shutterstock
What we call "bad cholesterol" is a low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which transports fat and cholesterol to cells and may, thus, favoring atherosclerosis . In turn, the

"good cholesterol" is a high density lipoprotein (HDL), which carries the fat and cholesterol, removing them from the tissues to the liver, where they can subsequently be eliminated in feces.
Elevated total cholesterol

The total cholesterol is the sum of the HLD, LDL, VLDL cholesterol and triglycerides. The calculation is done by means of the Friedewald formula . It is considered high and detrimental to health when their values ​​are greater than 200 mg / dl. The causes of high total cholesterol are associated with poor diet , sedentariness,

age and familial tendency. Intake of foods with saturated fat in excess is an aggravating factor, since the fat deposits (LDL) build up in the arteries, causing the inside free space decreases. This puts pressure on the heart and

makes it harder to pump blood around the body, increasing the risk of coronary artery disease. The main sources of cholesterol in foods are meats, seafood, eggs (yolk), whole milk and its derivatives, offal (liver, kidneys, etc.).
Special diet

Lowering high total cholesterol is essential that you follow a special diet, avoiding the consumption of high fat foods like meats "fat", butter and oils. Also consume easily digestible foods and little fat, such as fruits, vegetables, raw vegetables or cooked only with salt, lean meats and drink lots of water. Another recommendation is the regular practice of moderate exercise. The doctor may prescribe,

even, if necessary, certain medicines to control dyslipidemia. During pregnancy, it is normal that the values ​​of total cholesterol have increased by up to 60%. So, to avoid exaggeration and decrease risks to women's health and baby,

advises a good diet and regular practice of light exercise such as walking, stretching or swimming, for example. If you have elevated total cholesterol values ​​in medical examination

, it should be treated with the guidance of a doctor. The good news is that these small changes in diet and lifestyle, are often all that the patient needs to do to keep the total cholesterol at an appropriate level or to reduce it - if it is already high.

So the ideal is to perform blood tests regularly to check your cholesterol is within optimal levels and thus keep your health always on time.

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