followers 4 popularity
following 1

followers  view all

following  view all

healthcarenutrition is not in any groups


healthcarenutrition | healthcarenutrition

Insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes management

Jul 11th 2014 at 10:40 PM

People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin to control their blood sugar levels. It is caused by the pancreas, an organ in the body that produce insulin in response to changes in blood sugar levels, is not working properly.


What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone that helps the cells of your body to use the energy of glucose in the blood. This is done in the pancreas as needed.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when your pancreas can not produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can be very damaging to your health and that is why people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day to keep your blood sugar regulated.

Types insulin

If you have type 1 diabetes, you are likely to take different types of insulin. The exact combination can be varied within your life, but as a rule comprises:

•    Long-acting insulin provides a background level of insulin throughout the day.
•    Fast-acting insulin takes effect within 15 minutes and lasts up to five hours.

•    short-acting insulin starts working within 30 minutes and lasts up to eight hours.
•    Intermediate-acting insulin enters in force for three hours and lasts up to 16 hours
•    Pre-mixed insulin , usually a combination of a fast-acting insulin and intermediate, which will last for about 16 hours.

To pick the right combination of insulin

To control blood sugar levels throughout the day, an endocrinologist and "School of diabetes" will help you decide what types of insulin you need to take and at what time.

There are several different ways to create circuits. For people with type 1 diabetes, as a rule, try to create a regime that would have brought this scheme to work

, pancreatic cancer, if it functioned. For this long-acting insulin is used to provide a baseline, and a short or rapid-acting insulin to cover the reduction of food intake and blood glucose.

People who do not want to do yourself a multiple injections can choose a pre-mixed version. Diabetics can do two injections per day,

which simplifies the management of diabetes. The problem is that this scheme can not be individualized. When you are on a mixed insulin with rapid and intermediate insulin, if you pick one dose of insulin, you should raise the dose and the second type of insulin.

Methods of administering insulin

Insulin is injected into your body. There are various options for insulin delivery:

•    Syringe . This traditional method of injecting insulin, with which you can do injections several times a day. Note: Syringes are manufactured according to the dosage, so make sure you get the right buy or syringes. And various syringes measure the dose in different ways, so be careful if you go to another type of syringe.

•    Syringe pen . This device may be more attractive for people with type 1 diabetes. Handles more portable and in many cases much more accurate. They look less drugs. Some disposable pens, they are discarded after use, while others are cartridges which can be used and then replaced.

•    Jet injector . This device is similar to the pen, but has no needle. Instead, it uses a very high pressure, using air tiny particles are pushed mechanism of insulin through your skin.

•    Pump . Insulin pump looks like a small cell phone and attaches to a belt or clothing, giving you a dose of insulin throughout the day through a small tube and a needle under the skin. Pump can be programmed to adjust the dosage.

With a creative approach to the management of blood sugar levels, patients with type 1 diabetes may find insulin delivery plan that will work for their lifestyle.

Please to comment

sign in

Remember Me

New to IM faceplate? join free!

Lost Password? click here