HIPAA Compliance Template: - In Brief
The term HIPAA stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. This act was mainly proposed to set the standard for protecting sensitive patient data. Therefore, any company dealing with protected health information (PHI) must make sure that all the necessary physical, network, and process security measures are followed.
All the medical professionals who provide treatment or even are responsible for payments and operations are supposed to take HIPAA training and follow it. This also includes covered Entities and business associates as they are in link with healthcare unit.
The HIPAA mainly addresses two main rules which include HIPAA privacy rule and security rule. As per these rules a medical personnel must protect all the information of patients. Thus, the electronic protected health information (ePHI) promotes securing of all patient data, which includes health data created, received, maintained or transmitted electronically.
According to U.S. Department of Health and Human Services if you share any data with a HIPAA compliant then they must take full responsibility to safeguard the data. Especially the physical and technical data needs to be safeguarded appropriately.
This includes only limited facility access and control over a place. All the HIPAA compliant must understand well about the use and access to workstation and electronic media. The transferring, removing and reusing of electronic media under electronic protected health information (ePHI) is also included.
This controls the access of data and allows only the authorized person. The authorized person must have unique user IDs, or an emergency access procedure, automatic log off and encryption and decryption. The audit reports and tracking logs are frequently updated on hardware and software systems.
It also covers the protection of ePHI rules and check if it is followed. If there is any sort of IT disaster, then they ensure that it gets into proper condition and patient information are regained back appropriately.
The next focus of technical safeguard is Network, or transmission, security which is against unauthorized access of the public in order to protect ePHI. They keep a check through all the of transmitting data, email, Internet, or even a private network, like private cloud.
Overall, the HIPAA compliance template requires everyone in the healthcare unit to secure any form of patient’s data. In 2009 another act named (HITECH) was formed which supported the HIPAA requirements. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act raised penalties for all the health care organizations, which violated the privacy and security rules of HIPAA.
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