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Health Care
marilynaliza | healthiswealth


Jun 30th 2014 at 7:21 PM

Epilepsy can be caused by external, internal , genetic and other factors that affect the brain. Epilepsy in children caused by several factors.

When a certain number of patients is inborn, it means that the child is born with a predisposition to epilepsy. Epilepsy can also occur as a result of brain injuries in childbirth .

Congenital epilepsy is due to defects of the gene that is responsible for epileptic disorders. It epilepsy, intermediate between the genetic type of epilepsy.

Congenital epilepsy may occur as a result of the negative factors that affect the brain development of fetuses during pregnancy .
Epileptic disorders may arise as a result of brain damage at birth.

Occur in the case of hypoxia of the fetus as a consequence of placental insufficiency , during labor and delivery or intracranial hemorrhage in premature children. Brain damage can occur at any time after birth.

Epilepsy may also result from brain infections (meningitis, encephalitis), head injury, brain tumors and intracranial bleeding.

In addition to these probable perpetrators of epilepsy, but there are the other less common causes of the occurrence of epilepsy in children. Among them we find:
High fever
Genetic factors
Head injury
Infection of the brain and meninges
Lack of oxygen in the brain
Disorder of brain development

The main symptoms of epilepsy are repeated seizures. There are about 40 different types of attacks, which depend on the position and weight of the affected area of ​​the brain.
Younger children usually starts a whole range of different seizures.

The most common epilepsy in children aged between 18 months and 13 years, benign partial epilepsy with

centrotemporalnimi spikes or Rolandična epilepsy. This epilepsy is usually hereditary but not necessarily. Attacks in most cases usually occur at night and wake up the baby. It appears numbness in the face, twitching, speech difficulties and drooling.

Neurologists treating epilepsy, seizures are classified on the basis of brain impairment:
Partial seizures - which has affected a small part of the brain
Generalized seizures - which has affected most of the brain
Symptoms of partial seizures:  
Changes in vision things, smell, feeling, taste or sound
Intense feeling of deja vu
Tingling in hands and feet
The sudden change in feelings such as fear and joy
Muscle stiffness in the arms, legs or face
Twitching on one side of the body
Rubbing hands
Biting lips
Lowering unusual sounds
The circulation of the hands
Unusual posture
Chewing or swallowing
Symptoms of generalized seizures:
Generalized tonic - clonic seizures (grand mal seizure), in which a person falls, the whole body is shaking, or seizures (convulsions)
Absence seizures with a very brief loss of consciousness (petit mal seizure), for which the person for a few seconds to lose consciousness or merely absent when the 'wake up' do not even know what just happened.
Myoclonic seizures - sudden, shock-like contractions of muscles throughout the body.
Atonic seizures - sudden complete failure of muscle that makes a person without warning falls to the ground
Tonic seizures - straining muscles, a person often falls to the ground
Therapy to relieve symptoms of epilepsy

Epilepsy is a brain defect that involves spontaneous recurrent attacks of various aetiology. How to resist them and how to treat them?

Epilepsy can not be cured but it can be quite effectively controlled. Treatment is primarily aimed at preventing attacks, which improve the quality of life of almost every epileptics. Control of seizures reduces the doctor's visit, as a result of injuries incurred by uncontrolled falls.
Treatment that controls one type of seizure, it may not be appropriate for other kinds of epilepsy. First, your doctor will try to diagnose the type of epilepsy and seizures affect how a child. Among other things, take into account the child's age, overall health and lifestyle.

The first choice therapies to control epilepsy are pharmacological agents. Drugs are recommended for children, where there is a high probability of seizures in school or kindergarten. The best predictor of seizures following is the correct identification of the type of seizures. Medicines should be kept out of the reach of children.
Ketogenic diet

In the ketogenic diet the body to encourage greater production of ketones, which the body uses fat for energy rather than sugar. Ketogenic diet were subjected to children suffering from epilepsy several years.

The success rate is about 50%. Recently, regulations ketogenic diet less stringent (the Atkins diet or the diet with a low glycemic index), which helps some epileptic patients. Diet, in close collaboration with the entire family, prescribed by an experienced dietitian.

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