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Drugs and adolescents increases in sight

Apr 26th 2015 at 10:53 PM

Net the male prevalence for all substances. Increasing trend especially in the South May 3, 2013. It is estimated that in 2012 - on a school population of 2.5 million children - more than 500 thousand high school students have used cannabis, just over 60 thousand 30 thousand cocaine and opiates. Then there are the consumers of hallucinogens and stimulants: about 60 thousand for each category of substances. To say, are data-Italian ESPAD (European school survey on alcohol and other drugs), 15th edition of the study on student population, made for our country by the department of epidemiology and health services research of the Institute of Clinical Physiology National Research Council of Pisa (IFC-CNR). The survey involved 45,000 students of secondary schools and 516 schools across the peninsula.

"The new study attests to a general downward trend in the number of consumers for all substances, however, are observed some interesting increases," says responsible for the study, Sabrina Molinaro IFC-CNR. "The data are primarily of an increase in the consumption of cannabis in 2012 declared having used it at least once in your life and in the last twelve months, respectively, 28.1% and 22.1% of the sample, compared to 27.5% and 21.5% recorded in 2011.

The figure for the last year puts Italy five points above the 17% of the European average, albeit very far from 42% in the Czech Republic and 39% in France. The boys are more involved of peers (27% vs. 17%) and recruitment took place twenty or more times in the last year to 31% of consumers and 16% of consumers.

The average age of first contact is 15 years. “Increased also slightly taking stimulants 3.8% in life and 2.6% in the last year, compared with 3.6% and 2.4% in the previous survey, with a peak (consumption last year) by 4% between 19enni. Again, as is the case in general, males are more attracted than girls (3.6% vs. 1.6%), particularly amphetamines and ecstasy. The heroine, substance down compared to the last decade, reports a slight recovery in the last year: from 1.2% in 2011 to 1.3% (2% among males, 0.6% among girls) and also among the underwriters frequent (10 or more events in ' last month) you go from 0.5% to 0.6%. Cocaine was hired last year from 2.7% of the respondents (data equal to 2011), the majority of boys (3.8% vs. 1.6%); stood at 0.7% the proportion of those who take it regularly. With regard to hallucinogenic drugs (LSD, ketamine and mushrooms) 2.5% of the young respondents admit the use in the last year, but among the nineteen shares comes to 3.8%, and 1.5% in ' last month.

"For alcohol there is a primacy everything Italian: in 2012 consumption in life affects 88.6% of the sample that last year 81.1% and 64.7% of respondents drank in the last month "says the researcher.”One thing that has cultural origins and shows no particular risk behavior, but it should be added to that concern of 'binge drinking' (at least five drinks on a single occasion) practiced by 35.1% of the students, including the 60 % of males and 68% of females reported one or two episodes per month and more than a fifth from three to five times. “The figure sull'ubriacatura remains lower than the European average. In recent years, moreover, rampant consumption of so-called energy drinks, which stands at 41% of the sample. "Although they are soft, these drinks contain stimulants that often combine to alcohol abuse," says Molinaro.

"Users of these drinks are drunk more than double compared to those who do not drink: 40.5% at least once a year (compared to 19%), 54.3% in the last month (compared to 28% ) ". 15.4%, finally, declares to have taken drugs without a prescription, while over 52% of the students who were prescribed continued to assume without medical supervision. The most common are the drugs for sleeping and for diets. Turning to regional data, in comparison with the previous year, it is evident that they are students of the South have increased to more consumption. Cocaine use in Sardinia has been so from the 3.8% recorded in 2011 to 4.6%; Sicily from 3.5% to 4.3%; Calabria from 3.6% to 3.9%.

The consumption of cannabis have a turnaround after a slow and steady decline since 2008 in almost all regions and although the increase affecting mostly males there was an increase among girls in Calabria, from 9.5% in 2011 to 13.3% in 2012; Basilicata from 13.1% to 15.3% and in Puglia from 14% to 16.2%. In relation to heroin, the prevalences higher concern even the boys of the south: in the two major islands and Calabria prevalences are 2.4%; in Basilicata, Molise and Puglia 2.3%, with significant increases compared to 2011.

The consumption of hallucinogens among male students splits Italy in two, and the increase is mainly in the South: in Sardinia rose from 2.8% in 2011 to 3.7% in 2012; Sicily from 2.5% to 3.4%; in Puglia from 2.7% to 3.2%. As for the abuse of stimulants remained essentially homogeneity among young males except the increase found in Molise (from 3.2% to 4.1%) and Lazio (from 2.9% to 4.3%). "We believe it important to share as much as possible the results and make the reading of these numbers clear and easy to interpret," concludes the researcher Ifc-Cnr.

"The importance ESPAD survey, carried out by administering a questionnaire anonymously, lies in identifying those areas which allocate prevention interventions tailored to youth issues: just for this purpose the study is repeated every year from now 1999 ". Read more for official post.

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