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Diabetes and high blood pressure

Jul 10th 2014 at 9:20 PM

Diabetes - a condition in which the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood are too high because the body can not properly use it.

This is because the body can not use or produce the hormone insulin, which is responsible for the processing of sugar from the food for your body's cells.
There are two major types of diabetes:

•   Type 1 , when your body is unable to produce insulin
•   Type 2 is when your body does not produce enough insulin or can not use it.

Symptoms of Diabetes

The main symptoms of diabetes:

As diabetes treated?

If diabetes is not controlled, it can cause serious damage to the kidneys , eyes, nervous system, heart and blood vessels. Treatment for diabetes is seeks to avoid this problem, keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.

• Type 1 diabetes is usually treated with insulin injections and a healthy diet and physical activity.
• Type 2 diabetes, treated with a healthy diet and physical activity , but sometimes also need tablets or insulin injections.

What is blood pressure?

Blood pressure - Blood pressure is in the arteries (the blood vessels). Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). The doctor writes your blood pressure as two numbers. For example, 124/80 mm Hg. You can hear it as 124 to 80. Both numbers are important. You can measure the pressure at home using an automatic sphygmomanometer, which can be purchased online

• The top (first) number systolic pressure. This pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and heart pushes blood through the blood vessels.
• The bottom (second) number diastolic pressure. This pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between each heartbeat.

Here's what the numbers mean: Healthy blood pressure: 110/70 or 120/80, the beginning of high blood pressure: between 120/80 and 140/90, high blood pressure: 140/90 or higher.

Diabetes and high blood pressure

About 25% of people with type 1 diabetes and 80% of people with type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure .

Having diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, kidney disease and other health problems. High blood pressure also increases the risk. If you have diabetes and high blood pressure together, it increases the risk of health problems even more.

Patients with diabetes and high blood pressure medicines prescribed blood pressure, known as ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, because they help to protect the kidneys. However, other drugs from the pressure, may also be used.

What can I do against high blood pressure?

Here are some simple tips to help lower your blood pressure:

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