Children With Growth Problems
Which concern children with growth problems the most?
• Premature (preterm children with low birth weight, while having a small length to full term)
• Hypotrophic full-term infants (children with low weight and with normal or low birth length)
• Hypotrophic preterm (low birth weight, which does not correspond to the expected weight relative to the length of pregnancy, and low birth length).
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Mom, I'll catch up! When these children overcome the difficulties associated with their premature entry into the world with little or birth weight, get also a phase of rapid growth and slowly catching up with their peers and eventually they will grow faster than they are. This phenomenon is called "catch-up" (catching up, catching the growth of peers). During this period also have greater nutritional needs. Most children (85%) increase as follows catch up their peers in the second year of age. Therefore, the growth of premature infants assessed by growth charts for premature directly or by using the corrected age, this is a chronological age, and by subtracting the month on which the child was born earlier. From the second year, doctors monitor these children using standard growth charts for the population of their peers.
What if he is still "small"? A minority of premature infants has a long-term lower rate of weight gain and growth in length or height and can maintain a slight build and grow to adulthood.
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