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healthcarenutrition | healthcarenutrition

check the types of the disease and how to care

Jul 7th 2014 at 8:25 PM

Thrombophlebitis is the inflammation of a vein due to the formation of a clot . Also called phlebothrombosis or simply phlebitis, this condition can develop when the patient is required to lie still for a long time, as in the case of patients who are bedridden after surgery, or after an injury from a vein .

The pathology is common condition among drug users who inject intravenous drugs, for example. Normally, thrombophlebitis occurs in the leg or arm . The disease manifests in two forms: superficial or deep - which will be decisive in treatment for thrombophlebitis.

Symptoms and posters of thrombophlebitis

Often, the disease progresses without symptoms presenting themselves. In some cases, however, the inflammation produces symptoms such as fever, palpitations , edema or swelling in the region of manifestation and local pain may increase as the movement of the affected limb.

Normally, when treatment for thrombophlebitis is done correctly, it does not cause major problems. What can happen is the fragmentation of a thrombus , which then interferes in the circulation and can thus block a pulmonary artery.

This case of severe complication is called pulmonary embolism can occur in 10% to 20% of patients.

Treatment for thrombophlebitis
The treatment for thrombophlebitis varies according to the type of condition. There are two main types of thrombophlebitis, deep and superficial. As already revealed the names, the first involves the deep veins and the second surface.
Tromboflebite deep

The deep thrombophlebitis is also called deep vein thrombosis (DVT) as it affects the deep venous system. Patients with this type of thrombophlebitis often have intense pain, especially to flex the limb, which may even cause you to functional impotence . The fever and swelling of the affected area are other signs associated with very deep  thrombophlebitis.

In the case of DVT treatment for thrombophlebitis with anticoagulants can begin even before the result of the Doppler exam if this is not done in the hospital. Explained: it is not harmful anticoagulant treatment for up to three days in a patient who does not need,

On the other hand, the expected result can be dangerous since losing this treatment time can result in a clot adhering to the wall and impossible resorption. In that case, expect to have the most accurate diagnosis is not the best idea.
Surface Tromboflebite

In the case of treatment for superficial thrombophlebitis, which constitutes the most frequent thrombophlebitis, the situation should also be assessed by Doppler examination. It is common here thrombus formation by blocking some of the veins of the lower limbs lying immediately under the skin. The signs are pain, swelling and a cord that hurts when leaning over the affected vein.

Still the same as in, depending on the clinical condition, occurs deep vein thrombosis them: anticoagulants should be given before the results of Doppler examination. Not always, however, they are used.

Depending on the extent of the problem, antiplatelet and local treatment with ice and creams may be the correct measure. Also highlighted the importance of raising the lower limb affected by thrombophlebitis in order to facilitate venous drainage. In addition, it is recommended to use an elastic restraint in most cases.

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