Vishal Kaushik | HRG001

Antidepressants : Working, Side-Effects, Uses and Effectiveness

Mar 3rd 2020 at 4:19 AM

What are Antidepressants?

Antidepressants are the medications that can help to relieve symptoms of depression, anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and dysthymia, or mild chronic depression, as well as other conditions.

Taking an antidepressant may be a part of your treatment plan, if you’re being treated for depression.

Antidepressants are used to balance chemical imbalances of neurotransmitters in the human brain that are believed to be responsible for the changes in behavior, mood or emotions.

Antidepressants were first developed in the year 1950. The use of antidepressants become progressively more common in the last 20 years.

These depression medicines can help to improve your mood, increase your appetite and concentration and help you to sleep better.

How Antidepressants Work?

It’s not exactly known how antidepressants work.

But, it’s thought that they work by increasing the levels of chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters.

Certain neurotransmitters, such as noradrenaline and serotonin, are linked to mood and emotions.

Also, neurotransmitters may affect the pain signals sent by nerves, which may explain why some antidepressants can help relieve the long-term pain.

How Long Will I Need to Take Antidepressant Medication?

Duration of depression treatment and antidepressant medication depends on your depression.

Most of the people need to take antidepressant for at least six to nine months, but you may need to take it longer, even if you feel better.

Some people take antidepressants for several years. Your doctor can help you decide when it’s the right time to stop and can work with you to stop gradually.

Antidepressant medication is usually taken in the tablet form.

When they are prescribed, you’ll start on the lowest possible dose of antidepressant thought necessary to improve your symptoms.

If you take an antidepressant for four weeks without feeling any benefit, speak to your doctor. They may recommend increasing your antidepressant tablets or trying a different medicine.

Antidepressants Side-Effects

Any side effects will likely occur during the first two weeks, and then gradually wear off. Like all medications, antidepressants can have side effects. Depending on the type of drug used, some of the most common antidepressants side effects include:

If the side effects of antidepressants are very unpleasant, or if they include thinking about the suicide, doctor should be informed at once.


A person can take several weeks to notice the effects of an antidepressant.

Many people stop using them because they believe the medications are not working.

There are many reasons that people may not see an improvement include:

  • Drug not being suited to the individual
  • Forgetting to take the medication at the right time
  • A lack of monitoring by the health provider
  • A need for additional therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Keeping in contact with your doctor and attending the follow-up appointments helps to improve the chances of the antidepressant drug working.

It may be that the dosage needs changing or another medication would be more suitable.

It’s important to take the antidepressant according to instructions, otherwise it will not be so effective.


There are several things to consider when taking antidepressant medication. You should discuss these things with your mental health professional.


As a precaution, antidepressant medication aren’t usually recommended for most pregnant women, especially during the early stages of a pregnancy. READ MORE>>>

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