5 questions about kidney damage - Ken Burge
1. To which you notice that you have kidney damage?
You notice there's nothing initially. Only when the kidney function for 70 percent or more has been scrapped, you get complaints: fatigue, itching, nausea and lack of appetite. They all belong to kidney damage, but also in other conditions. Serious kidney damage is often discovered late. Once the damage is serious, then too much fluid in the body no longer drained by the kidneys. That can lead to (serious) trouble. Because the body poisons itself still further, often arise in the course of the time other serious complaints, such as cardiovascular problems. Eventually, patients may be appropriate on a donor kidney or kidney dialysis.
2. What makes you so late?
That's because our two kidneys a huge reserve capacity. They can work on half power for years, without even noticing it. That's why your best can miss a kidney.
3. What is common is kidney damage for?
One in twenty people have slight kidney damage. Their kidneys work less well, but already something there they notice nothing of; we call this hidden kidney damage. At one in two hundred Dutchmen, there has been a severe impairment of renal function. They do have complaints. In total there are some 40 000 people with severe kidney damage in Netherlands. Of them have undergone a kidney transplant and 8400 6300 dialyzed. The vast majority of kidney patients is 60-plus.
4. What do the kidneys again exactly?
The kidneys (two bean-shaped organs, each about 12 inches long and 160 grams heavy) occur between the top edge of the pelvis and the lower ribs, on the dorsal surface of the body. A kidney is made up of a million tiny nephrons, filterers. That filter the blood and ' capture ' the waste that may move into the blood through the various metabolic processes in the body. Blood Pressure quick fix is possible, the waste is removed with the urine. Healthy kidneys make exactly enough urine to the water balance of the body work out. If not, poisons the body itself. The kidneys also make three important hormones to keep the blood pressure constantly, hormones that allow for the production of red blood cells and hormones that contribute to the formation of strong bones.
5. What causes kidney damage?
Acute kidney damage may be caused by an infection, an autoimmune disease (where the body against its own kidney cells and that breaks down) or a blockage in the form of kidney stones or a tumor. Acute kidney injury is life-threatening, but if the cause is addressed, restore the kidneys themselves in many cases. Chronic kidney damage occurs gradually and is most common. The main causes are type 2 diabetes and/or high blood pressure. Due to the high sugar levels in the blood of diabetic patient’s filterers in the kidneys become clogged. Also high blood pressure damages the filterers. The part of the kidneys that still works well, touch than overloaded and wear extra fast. By the way: with aging naturally wear out the kidneys. About kidney function goes from your 40th very slowly backwards. Someone who are otherwise healthy is can by those having kidney function deterioration at its 70th a 60 to 70 percent. Treat is then usually no need (yet), but you have to take into account the work of the kidneys, for example less well as prescribed medications. In addition, the risk is greater that you in the ' danger zone ' comes, which is treatment is required. Hence, the Kidney Foundation all over 60s recommends yearly check their kidney function by the GP. People with high blood pressure, diabetes and/or heart disease do well to that anyway to do annually, regardless of age.
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