What is Hashimoto's disease?
Hashimoto's disease is the most common form of inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis) and the main cause of hypothyroidism. Five percent of all people get to do with this, especially aging women.
Hashimoto is caused by a problem with the immune system. The immune system protects the body against bacteria and viruses. In Hashimoto's disease the immune system attacks its own body. There are antibodies are then made that the thyroid gland so that there is not sufficient hormones can be created.
Autoimmune diseases can be inherited and are higher in women than in men. Other related autoimmune disorders include Graves' disease (hyperthyroidism), Addison's disease (chronic adrenal insufficiency), type I diabetes, pernicious anemia (chronic vitamin B12 deficiency) and rheumatoid arthritis.
How is hypothyroidism diagnosed?
As with any disease in hypothyroidism is important to recognize early warning signs. Only a doctor can diagnose with certainty.
He can look at such complaints, appearance and previously completed diseases.
The amounts of thyroid hormones, TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone = made by the pituitary gland) and possibly antibodies in the blood can confirm the diagnosis.
How is hypothyroidism treated?
The standard treatment for hypothyroidism is to provide synthetic thyroid hormone in tablet form. This gives the body still enough thyroid hormone. Often the symptoms disappear after a few months, but most patients should continue taking hormones throughout their lives. The most commonly prescribed hormone levothyroxine (T4). Brand names are Synthroid, inter alia, Euthyrox, Eltroxin.