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Why and how 2009 Schooling Right for Girls is not getting utilized in India

Mar 16th 2020 at 3:01 AM

 

Statistics

The RTE was a success in marking some major hurdles in systems of girls’ school and lives’ of girls attending them, which majorly involved lack of toilets and other safety concerns. As per an ASER report, the number of schools with usable girls’ washrooms doubled since 2010, reaching 66.4% in 2018 and schools with sustainable circumference wall ensuring a safer environment for girls — increased by 13.4 percent to 64.4% in 2018,

 

Hurdles coming in the way of girls attending schools

The RTE did not notice and mention one of the most crucial reasons why girls have been not attending regular school in India, namely household work. The RTE has no amendment for nullifying housework or agricultural work for children. As the mothers have to earn for bread — in the informal sector or as farmers or agricultural laborers — to make both ends meet, underprivileged girls substitute for the housework. In a report, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights mentioned that around 40% of 15 to 18-year-old-girls moved out of school systems and almost 65% of these were taken up by their household work.

Major problem

As of now, women are contributing only 18 percent to India’s GDP, the minimum in the world — and only 25% of the country's labor force is female.

The load of housework on Indian girls is a topic of concern in the nation. In a 2015 report about gender inequality in India, the McKinsey Global Institute mentioned that females of India participate nearly 10 times the unpaid care work as men. Housework takes 85% of the time Indian women invest on unpaid care work, the 2018 report found. Indeed, much of this is either contributed or substituted by females who should ideally be in schools for girls.

Solutions

Country could contribute $770 billion India’s GDP by 2025 by involving girls in education and involving them in the workforce according to McKinsey’s gender parity report last year.

The task is tedious as it involves influencing social mindsets and making housework a task to be shared by all genders. It will also need to combat all hurdles including the availability of free or affordable alternative caregivers for working women and modernizing the education system in the entire India. Additionally, revisions and editions of textbooks are required which push through gender-bias roles.

Some of these tasks are already in functional mode. According to reports in the Indian media, the Maharashtra State Bureau of Textbook Production and Curriculum Research has revised textbooks for first and second grades displaying males and females sharing household works and tasks, and presenting females as professionals rather than just housewives.

The existing NEP was last revised in 1992. A draft of the new National Education Policy, majorly concentrates and highlights towards girls ‘schools and their right and access to education. The gender stereotypes role and housework’s role in making girls not being able to attend regular schools are the shown concerns as well.

The game changer girls’ school in Patna

Indirapuram girl’s school, the top school in Patna in the same way has arrived like a revolution in the girls’ education sector giving the most prime amenities as well as instruction. Being a CBSE girl’s school, it wants to recognize the fact that education has been a right for a decade, and its high time Indian girls begin to claim their place.

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