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Is Child Support the Same Around the World?
It is recognized all around the world that raising children is the responsibility of the parents. This means that parents must provide a nurturing environment and adequate financial support. In 1992, The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child declared, “the development and upbringing of a child, or children, is the responsibility of both parents, and this forms part of the fundamental rights of any child”.
There are guidelines in place in countries around the world that dictate the implementation, assessment, and collection of child support from nonresident or absent parents. The vast majority of Europe, North America, South America, and Australia have child support laws established. Some form of maintenance support laws for children are also in place in many Asian and African countries. These countries consider child maintenance to be the responsibility of each parent and recognize that a nonresident parent must give maintenance payment to the resident parent or other legal guardian. This payment is for the support and care that is provided to the child or children.
Child support is most always arranged as part of the legal divorce or separation. In Wales and England,a separating couple can make formal their split by agreeing to a Deed of Separation. This is a contract that states all the terms with which both parties agree.
Child support laws do vary around the world. In many countries child support arrangements are made between the two parents, while the state in other countries arranges the child support.
In most countries throughout the world, providing financial support is all that is necessary for the nonresident parent. However, in some countries, visitation rights are tied directly to child support. If support payments are not made, the parent with sole custody of the child can refuse visits.
Laws vary by country and state on the enforcement of child support. In Australia, the national office oversees the enforcement, while in Canada; the responsibility to enforce payment is by individual provinces. Child support in the United States is mostly handled at the state level, but parents who are noncompliant may be subject to federal prosecution.Noncompliant parents in the United States may receive jail time. In New York, child-support debtors may serve up to four years. Finland, Austria, and Australia do not imprison people for failure to pay.
For more information on a child support law attorney in San Diego, visit this website.
Paul advises people on divorce and family law matters. You can find his thoughts at Tumblr blog.
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