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Getting Inside a Vortex Tube - Process and Benefits
Shifting from the use of traditional refrigerant to a vortex tube is a choice that many people make these days. It has found a place in many factories, because it is energy and cost efficient. It replaces electricity with compressed air for energy source, thus, making it a viable spot cooling alternative for industries that are based in third world countries. With just a slight change in the dimension and length, it can also be used for cooling homes and small offices.
How does a vortex tube work? When compressed air gets inside, its speed of spinning increases, and the the cold stream is pushed to the outer layer or shell. This, then, is the first to escape at the conical end of the tube, while the rest of the compressed air spins back to the other end as heat stream. It is often subjected to heat sinking to make it efficient for use in environment-friendly refrigerators and other cooling appliances.
For all its great qualities, a vortex tube has its own limitations. One is that it takes a longer time to produce cold air than its electric counterparts. Perhaps this explains why it is selective on which sort of assembly lines it works best. Small to medium scale machineries are the ones who may find vortex tubes appropriate.
The potential for saving on cost is quite high with a vortex tube. For one, it does not require much labor to operate and maintain. Inside it, there are no complex mechanism or parts to clean. It is often made of stainless steel that guarantees long years of use. The use of such raw material also allows for these tubes to be customised for specific applications. The length and circumference of the tube itself can determine the speed by which compressed air spins inside. Smaller sized ones are said to produce cold streams quicker.
The future of vortex tube is certainly in the arena of information technology. Indeed, it is already making its way inside today's computers and other mobile devices, cooling their highly sensitive and minuscule parts inside. It is there that they are in their smallest dimensions, and are thus most effective and efficient.
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