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Editage, a brand of Cactus Communications, is a leading provider of specialist English-language and communication solutions to authors, journals, publishers, and corporations worldwide.

At Editage, in everything we do, we want to accelerate the development of global scientific research. We are constantly innovating to create new solutions to help international researchers communicate better.

Editage was established in April 2002 with an aim to accelerate global scientific research communication. We take great efforts to understand our authors’ needs.

Our unique service packages and educational programs have helped over 72,000 authors across 116 countries to get published in high-impact factor journals.

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  • Researchers develop functional 3-D printed ovaries that can produce offspring
    Researchers develop functional 3-D ovaries that can produce offspring

    Can you imagine 3-D printed ovaries that can produce offspring? Researchers at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and McCormick School of Engineering have made this possible by replacing a female mouse’s ovary with a bioprosthetic ovary. The ovary could ovulate, and eventually the mouse gave birth to pups and even nursed them. According to the research team, using the right material to create the ovary and using an appropriate structure to support its function played a crucial role. They used gelatin as ink since it is organic and safe for use in animals. The ovary was structured using controlled placement of filaments, a technique that is possible only in 3-D printing. According to them, the primary objective of this research is to develop bioprosthetic ovaries that would enable infertile women, particularly those who have survived cancer and have fertility and hormonal problems, to conceive and give birth.   

    Read more in Science Daily

  • NIH’s new policy to put limit on grant money awarded to researchers
    NIH’s new policy to put limit on grant money awarded to researchers

    Recently, the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced a major change in their policy that will have repercussions across the biomedical research community. Moving away from the traditional model, NIH will introduce a point system to put a cap on the amount of funding a researcher can receive. The agency explains that the main intent is to make more grants available and assist early and mid-career researchers in getting grants easily. 

    Recently, the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced a major change in their policy that will have repercussions across the biomedical research community. Moving away from the traditional model, NIH will introduce a point system to put a cap on the amount of funding a researcher can receive. The agency explains that the main intent is to make more grants available and assist early and mid-career researchers in getting grants easily.

    Getting grants is vital for researchers irrespective of their career stage, but the extreme competition makes it tough for researchers with less experience to get funding. According to NIH, a mere 10% of the applicants win about 40% of the funds released by the agency. Moreover, the average age of the recipients is 42. Thus, to make funding opportunities equal to all applicants and to increase the number of funds released, the agency plans to introduce a new metric called the Grant Support Index (GSI). Each grant type will be assigned a point value based on its size and complexity. A researcher can gain a maximum of 21 points, which equals to three R01 grants (the most common type of grant awarded by NIH).  In case a researcher’s grants cross the maximum points, he or she will be asked to adjust the grants so that the points do not exceed the stipulated limit.

    Francis Collins, NIH director, believes that the shift in the policy would make up to 1600 new grants available whereas a mere 6% of researchers (who currently exceed the suggested limit) are likely to be affected by the change. Another noteworthy aspect is that the new policy does not have a rigid limit on the funding amount because some research topics require more funding than others. Many researchers think this is a step in the right direction. Howard Garrison, deputy executive director for policy at the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology in Bethesda, Maryland, says, “Looking at ways to fund more investigators is a healthy approach.”              

    However, as is the case with any policy change, some are critical of the move. Sally Rockey, a former director of the NIH Office of Extramural Research, says, “NIH would not be able to enforce the 20% limit because researchers could have funding from other sources.” Other researchers are worried that the policy change will affect the collaboration trends as researchers might focus on getting a bigger share of grants while keeping their GSI within limit. Further clarity is awaited on how many grants researchers can apply for at a time, which could change the way researchers plan their next applications. NIH plans to roll out the policy later this year in consultation with the industry members and NIH’s advisory councils.


    NIH to limit the amount of grant money a scientist can receive

    NIH grant limits rile biomedical research community

  • Can i have examples of Commentary article subjects please?
    Question Description: 

    I would like to have examples of commentary subjects, i can't find good ones

  • Which social science journals are included in the recent Journal Citation Reports?
    Question Description: 

    Which social science journals are included in the recent Thompson Reuter's Journal Citation Reports?

  • What is the advantage of having ORCiD while we have ResearcherID?
    Question Description: 

    Recently, while i was uploading a manuscript in a journal website, i found a field where i can put my ORCiD. That website gave me option to put my ResearcherID too. Yes, I have both. However, i am not fully aware about utility of these two IDs.

  • In current science, what is different steps of status for communicated research article?
    Question Description: 

    if a research article is communicated in a Current Science Journal, then what does it mean?

  • How many PhD students graduate every year in China?
    Question Description: 

    How many PhD diplomas are granted every year in China?


    There has been an exponential growth in the number of PhD graduates in China since 1978. In 1978, only 18 students were enrolled for doctoral courses, but since then, the number has grown at an average rate of 24% per year, with the last decade witnessing an exceptional spurt of growth. In 2002, only 14,368 doctorates were awarded in China, but the number increased to 27,677 in 2005 and to 48,987 in 2010. For more details, read this article on the PhD boom in China.

    Related reading:

  • What is the cumulative impact index of a journal?
    Question Description: 

    For getting a PhD equivalent qualification one must have published 5 papers in journals with cumulative impact index of not less than 2. This is the criteria laid down by the All India Council for Technical Education. Kindly explain what is cumulative impact index of a journal.


    The cumulative impact index of a journal is a long-term measure of its impact factor. Thus, while the impact factor is generally calculated for 2 years, the cumulative impact factor or cumulative impact factors can be calculated over a longer period, such as 5 or 10 years. This is explained in detail in an article by Eugene Garfield titled 'Impact of Cumulative Impact Factors.' However, the cumulative impact index of a journal is usually not mentioned on the journal website. The Journal Citation Reports (JCR) do not include this metric. Additionally, the criteria mentioned by the All India Council for Technical Education does not specify the number of years that have been taken into account while calculating the cumulative impact index. Therefore, there is really no clear way to figure out the cumulative impact index of a journal. One possible way to calculate it is to use the last 5 years as a baseline and calculate the impact factor yourself as follows:

    However, we cannot be certain that this calculation meets the specifications of the council. Hence, it might be a good idea to write to the council and seek further clarifications if possible.

    Recommended reading:


  • Please help me frame the title of my paper
    Question Description: 

    How is the title "Contribution of the self employment towards the economic growth of the nation"?


    You have not provided any information about your research. It is difficult to tell whether your title is suitable for your article without going through the entire manuscript. Hence, I cannot give an opinion about the appropriateness of the title. However, the first thing I observed is that the title you have mentioned is not grammatically correct. Depending on what exactly you wish to say, you can consider using either "Contribution of self employment towards the economic growth of the nation" or "Contribution of the self employed towards the economic growth of the nation." However, you will need to assess which option aptly describes what exactly the study is about.

    Here are a few points to help you check whether your title is suitable:

    • Does the title clearly indicate what your research is about?
    • Is it brief, informative, and attractive?
    • Does it include relevant descriptive keywords that readers are most likely to search for?

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  • How can I make the background of my study engaging?
    Question Description: 

    Usually it is boring for readers to read a long background of the study. What are the essential elements that I should include to make it captivating for the reader?


    To generate the readers' interest in your research and to make them understand the significance of your work, it is essential to give background information about your study. The introduction of your research paper should provide the background of the study. While there are some essential bits of information that the background must include, there is no prescribed format for the manner in which it should be written. As you have correctly pointed out, a long and rambling background will make the readers lose interest. Therefore, you must ensure that the background is persuasive and engaging to the reader. 

    One of the main purposes of the background is to demonstrate your understanding of the field. You can do this by providing a critical review of the most relevant studies in your field that lead up to yours. Once you have discussed the contribution of other researchers in the field, you can identify gaps in understanding, that is, areas that have not been addressed in these studies. You could then explain how your study will address these important questions. In this way, you can put your research in context. You should then explain the significance of your research and how it will impact or advance the existing level of knowledge on the topic. Be careful not to digress from the topic of your research. 

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